The Studio - Seurat Apples
Good morning! Welcome to Daily Activity #5! I hope you have been learning a lot today. I know I have. I have been trying to teach myself all about how to do my art videos, and how to edit them. However, today was a breakthrough! I decided to film two videos and put them together with a transition, and guess what?!?! It worked! I have a new "fancier" video for today's lesson on Georges Seurat and Pointillism. This lesson takes patience. Just like Seurat, creating a masterpiece with only points takes dedication. He created beautiful paintings only using points. This technique was labeled Pointillism.
Divisionism, or Pointillism, is part of what we call "Neo-Impressionism". This style is classified through the compilation of small dots or strokes, often using a multitude of colors to create larger areas of what looks like one color. The technique of placing small points or strokes next to each is called optical blending. Your eyes blend these colors together from a distance, i.e. blue/yellow = green, red/yellow = orange, blue/red = purple, but when you adjust you eyes close to the canvas, you can see the individual dots and strokes of color.
Another characteristics of the Neo-Impressionist artwork was to let the painting give off its own luminosity. Using systematically placed contrasting colors, gray, black, and white, around each other, the artists were able to create a sensation of natural light, in a shimmering, luminous way. As predecessors to the Expressionist art movements prevalent in the 20th century, Neo-Impressionist also evoked emotional states through form, line, and color. It was a visual response to the rapidly growing Industrial age. Many artists created depictions of the working and lower class, drawing attention the ever growing social struggles in industrial capitalism. They wanted to portray an utopian world amidst a world of decreasing individualism (https://www.theartstory.org/movement/neo-impressionism/). Seurat is a prominent driving force when delving into the scientific evolution of painting in Neo-Impressionism.
Born in France in 1859, Seurat pioneered the Neo-Impressionist movement. He became increasing interested by the science of color and his passion to abandon the Impressionist idea of capturing the fleeting moment. He wanted to capture luminosity through color of scenes he considered stable and unchanging. This idea paved the way for Pointillism. Using the color through the scientific method of what Seurat referred to as "chromo-luminism", he would split colors into individual dots, and use contrasting colors against each other to create a luminosity, or softness. These split colors gave a different emotional feel to each of his subjects, and when viewed from a distance, would appear soft and slightly textured, but vividly appealing to the eye, as if one were viewing a scene on a lovely, warm, sunny day, or viewing a mysterious gothic cathedral at dusk.
In the Seurat apple daily activity, you can start small. Pointillism can be repetitive. It requires patience. If you need to start and then take a break, please do! The end results are beautiful though. Stepping back and looking at the dots as a whole object is emotionally stimulating and striking. You will have a great sense of accomplishment once you complete this art activity. This is an optical blending technique, so you want to use your primary colors to practice: red, blue, yellow. If you enjoy the look and feel of the apple, you can take it to the next step and creating a complimentary colored background using dots as well. If you do the apple in yellow and blue dots, you would need to do the background in red dots. You know why? Because red and green are complimentary colors!
Get creative with the dots! Pointillism requires patience, but it's also a good stress-reliever to do between subjects!
Remember, you need ART to be SMART!
Enjoy the video I have compiled. I will attempt to use my newly acquired editing skills to future videos to show a range of steps through the process! You can see how ours turned out in: Seurat Apples.